How to Fix the ‘Class’ object has no ‘attribute_name’ Error in Python


While developing or programming in Python, most of us often face an attribute error stating that the ‘Class’ object has no ‘attribute_name’. Most of us are unaware of its origin and thus it becomes a challenge to solve. Here we will dive deep into this issue and learn to troubleshoot it.

The “AttributeError: ‘Class’ object has no ‘attribute'” error in Python occurs when an object tries to access an attribute not defined on its class, often due to typos, missing attributes, scope issues with private attributes, or inheritance problems. You can try a few solutions including checking spelling and cases, verifying class definitions and indentation, using Python’s hasattr() to check attribute existence before accessing, and inspecting inheritance chains.

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Understand the Error Message

This error message appears when Python is unable to find an attribute referred by an object in the class, thus it leads to ‘AttributeErrror’. It can be due to multiple reasons. Let’s look one by one.

  1. Typo in the Attribute Name

A simple typo in the attribute name can also be the reason. It will not let Python recognize the attribute in the code.

class Example:
    def __init__(self):
        self.attribute_name = "Hello, Python!"

obj = Example()
print(obj.Attribute_name)  # Raises AttributeError

We can see that Python raises an error because the variable mentioned in the function starts with the small letter ‘a’. Whereas the attribute called via object starts with the capital letter ‘A’. It shows Python is case-sensitive and any error in the spelling or differences like the one in the example can lead to an Attribute Error.

  1. Attribute Not Defined

If an attribute is not specified in the class or object, trying to access it will lead to an Attribute Error.

class Example:

obj = Example()
print(obj.attribute_name)  # Raises AttributeError

The example here states that missing the attribute named ‘attribute_name’ while initialising the class ‘Example’ raises an Attribute Error when called by the object of the same class. Thus it is important to watch for attributes before calling them via objects.

  1. Inheritance Issues

Inheritance is the property of a child class inheriting the properties of the parent class. The child class inherits only public or protected attributes and methods of the parent class. If a child class tries to access a method or attribute that is privately declared in the parent class, it will lead to an Attribute Error.

class Parent:
    def __init__(self):
        self.__attribute_name = "Hello, Python!"

class Child(Parent):

obj = Child()
print(obj.attribute_name)  # Raises Attribute Error
Image 38

In this example, while declaring the attribute we have used two underscores before the attribute name with self. It indicates that the attribute is private and the child class when trying to access it, leads to an Attribute Error.

Also Read: Debugging Elif Syntax Errors in Python

How to solve Attribute Errors?

The Attribute Error “Class’ object has no attribute_name” can be solved by checking the following points:

  • Check Spelling and Case

As we saw Python is case-sensitive and will raise an error if the attribute name contains some typos or have case differences. Thus one should verify typos in the code if such an error occurs.

  • Inspect Class

Before making a call to attributes via objects, check if the attributes are defined in the class. Any missing attribute will lead to an error at runtime.

  • Scope and Indentation

Python takes spaces seriously and thus if a statement is not specified with the correct spacing or under the right class, it will lead to attribute error. Thus check if the attributes are defined in the required class and with correct spacing before and after the statements.

  • Inheritance Issues

As shown in the above examples, verify if the attributes of the parent class called by the child class aren’t private. One should check for the underscores “_” before the attribute’s name and thus make it public or protected as per the need.

Internal Python Functions

The ‘hasattr()’ method

Python comes with different inbuilt methods, thus making programming easy and efficient. Likewise, the ‘hasattr()’ method is a function to avoid Attribute Errors. It checks if the object has access to such attributes or are such attributes declared in the class.

It generally takes two parameters for processing:

  • Object: The object which makes a call to attributes of the class.
  • Name: A string referring to the attribute’s name.

It is a boolean function, which checks if the attribute is defined or not in the class. As a result, it returns ‘true’ and ‘false’ to the ‘if’ checker.The syntax is as follows:

hasattr(object, name)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

We can use this method as follows:

class Example:
    def __init__(self): = "John"
        self.age = 25

obj = Example()

# Check if the 'name' attribute exists in the created object.
if hasattr(obj, 'name'):
    print(f"The 'name' attribute exists. Value: {}")
    print("The 'name' attribute does not exist.")

# Check if the 'gender' attribute exists in the object.
if hasattr(obj, 'gender'):
    print("The 'gender' attribute exists.")
    print("The 'gender' attribute does not exist.")

Here we have taken a class example, which has two attributes ‘name’ and ‘age’. The init method is used for initialising the attributes and an object ‘obj’ is created for the same class. We use the function with an if statement to verify if the attributes ‘name’ and ‘gender’ are declared in the class. For the attribute ‘name’ the method ‘hasattr()’ returns true and thus the if statement is printed. On the other side, for the attribute ‘gender’ the method returns false and thus the else statement is printed.

How to solve the error in Python, “Class object has no attribute_name”?

To solve this error, we should check if the attribute is declared in the class or not. Further, if the attribute name has typos and case differences or if is declared privately in the class, it will lead to error at runtime.

Which Python method can prevent Attribute Errors?

Most of the time, an Attribute Error occurs because either the attribute is missing, is out of scope (private) or the name contains typos and case differences. Thus to check for such cases Python provides us a method named “hasattr()’. The method is a boolean function and returns true and false, after the check.


To sum up, the attribute error “Class object has no attribute_name” is a common challenge, we face in Python programming. As we have understood the causes and implemented multiple checks, we can rectify such issues. Moreover, we can use the Python function ‘hasattr()’ to avoid such errors by checking for cases like missing attributes, cases or typos in attribute names and scope differences.


9. Classes — Python 3.12.1 documentation

Python AttributeError: class object has no attribute – Stack Overflow