In this tutorial on Python Modules vs Python Packages, we will be discussing what they are, and understand the differences between the two.
What is a Python Module?
A module in Python is defined as a file containing specific Python statements and definitions. They help in dealing with complex operations in an easier way. The module also provides code reusability.
A python module contains collections of functions and global variables and also functions inside
.py extension file. It can be a set of functions, classes or variables defined and implemented all put together.
A module can define functions, classes and variables. A module can also include runnable code. Examples of Python Modules include math, numpy, random and many more.
What is a Python Package?
Python packages are directories holding subpackages and modules together. They are namespaces that contain several packages and modules inside. So basically, they are defined as simply directories, but with a twist!
Each and every package must contain a single, special file called
__init__.py. This initial file can be empty or have some information or data about importing modules.
A package is a hierarchical file directory structure that includes sub-packages and modules inside it. One of the examples of the python package includes Game.Level.start and many more such packages.
Python Modules vs Python Packages
With the context out of the way, let’s look at the major differences between both Python modules vs Python packages.
- Contains python code
- __inti__.py is not necessary
- Support * to import all the functions from the module
- Contains sub-packages and modules
- __init__.py file is a MUST in case of packages
- * doesn’t exist in case of Packages
So now you know about python modules and packages. We also know the differences between the two. Hope you liked the tutorial!
Thank you for reading!