Python and OpenCV: Apply Filters to Images

Featured Img Filter To Image

I am pretty sure you have tried out various filters available on the social platforms and your camera as well.

Today in this tutorial, we will be applying few of the filters to images. Exciting right?

Let’s begin!

1. Importing Modules

The first step is to import the required modules which include OpenCV, matplotlib, and numpy module. We will also change the plotting style to seaborn for better visualization.

import cv2
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np'seaborn')

2. Loading the initial image

We will be reading and storing the image with the help of the imread function and then convert the colors to RGB format using the cvtColor function and then plot the image using the imshow function.

loaded_img = cv2.imread("image1.jpg")
loaded_img = cv2.cvtColor(loaded_img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB)

Make sure the image is saved in the same directory as your code file.

2. Creating Filters

Now that our image is loaded and is ready to work upon, we will create our own filters by first creating a kernel for each filter and then converting the kernel values to a 2D Filter.

  1. What is the Kernel?

Kernels are defined using numpy arrays which are basically 2-dimensional matrices that define the accurate values for sharpening, blurring, and embossing the images correctly.

  1. Creating 2D Filters

To create the 2D Filters by putting the kernel values and the loaded images into a convolutional network.

2.1 Emboss Filter

The code to get the emboss filter on the image is shown below. First, we created a emboss kernel and the filter for the emboss effect.

Emboss_Kernel = np.array([[0,-1,-1],[1,0,-1],[1,1,0]])
Emboss_Effect_Img = cv2.filter2D(src=loaded_img, kernel=Emboss_Kernel, ddepth=-1)

2.2 Sharpening Filter

The code to get the sharpen filter on the image is shown below. First, we created a sharpen kernel and the filter for the sharpen effect.

Sharpen_Kernel = np.array([[-1, -1, -1], [-1, 9, -1], [-1, -1, -1]])
Sharpen_Effect_Img = cv2.filter2D(src=loaded_img, kernel=Sharpen_Kernel, ddepth=-1)

2.3 Sepia Filter

The code to get the sepia filter on the image is shown below. First, we created a sepia kernel and the filter for the sepia effect.

Sepia_Kernel = np.array([[0.272, 0.534, 0.131],[0.349, 0.686, 0.168],[0.393, 0.769, 0.189]])
Sepia_Effect_Img = cv2.filter2D(src=loaded_img, kernel=Sepia_Kernel, ddepth=-1)

2.4 Blur Filter

The code to get the blur filter on the image is shown below. First, we created a blur kernel and the filter for the blur effect.

Blur_Effect_Img = cv2.GaussianBlur(loaded_img, (35, 35), 0)

The Final Output

The image below displays all the filters to images one after another.

Filters to images Using OpenCV Output
Filters Using OpenCV Output

The same filters were tested for another image, the output is displayed below.

Filters to images Using OpenCV Output2
Filters Using OpenCV Output2


Congratulations! Today we learnt how to build our own filters and apply them to the image.

Try them out yourself! Happy coding!