# Python Statements – Multiline, Simple, and Compound Examples

Python statements are the code instructions that are executed by the Python interpreter. Python executes statements one by one as they appear in the code.

## Python Statements Examples

Let’s look at some simple statement examples.

```count = 10  # statement 1

class Foo:  # statement 2
pass    # statement 3
```

## Python Multi-line Statements

Python statements are usually written in a single line. The newline character marks the end of the statement. If the statement is very long, we can explicitly divide it into multiple lines with the line continuation character (\).

Let’s look at some examples of multi-line statements.

```message = "Hello There.\nYou have come to the right place to learn Python Programming.\n" \
"Follow the tutorials to become expert in Python. " \
"Don't forget to share it with your friends too."

math_result = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \
5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + \
9 + 10

print(message)
print(math_result)
```

Python supports multi-line continuation inside parentheses ( ), brackets [ ], and braces { }. The brackets are used by List and the braces are used by dictionary objects. We can use parentheses for expressions, tuples, and strings.

```message = ("Hello\n"
"Hi\n"
"Namaste")

math_result = (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +
5 + 6 + 7 + 8 +
9 + 10)

prime_numbers_tuple = (2, 3, 5, 7,
11, 13, 17)

list_fruits = ["Apple", "Banana",
"Orange", "Mango"]

dict_countries = {"USA": "United States of America", "IN": "India",
"UK": "United Kingdom", "FR": "France"}
```

## Can we have multiple statements in a single line?

We can use a semicolon (;) to have multiple statements in a single line.

```x = 1; y = 2; z = 3
```

## Python Simple Statements

Python simple statement is comprised of a single line. The multiline statements created above are also simple statements because they can be written in a single line. Let’s look at some important types of simple statements in Python.

### 1. Python Expression Statement

```i = int("10")  # expression is evaluated and the result is assigned to the variable.

sum = 1 + 2 + 3  # statement contains an expression to be evaluated first.
```

### 2. Python Assignment Statement

```count = 10  # value is assigned to the variable, no expression is evaluated

message = "Hi"
```

### 3. Python Assert Statement

```assert 5 < 10
assert (True or False)
```

### 4. Python pass Statement

```def foo():
pass  # pass statement
```

Read more at pass statement in Python.

### 5. Python del Statement

```name = "Python"
del name  # del statement
```

### 6. Python return Statement

```def foo():
return 10  # return statement
```

Recommended Read: return statement in Python.

### 7. Python yield Statement

```def yield_statement():
yield 'Statement 1'  # yield statement
```

Read more at yield in Python.

### 8. Python raise Statement

```def raise_example():
raise TypeError('Exception Example')  # raise statement
```

### 9. Python break Statement

```numbers = [1, 2, 3]

for num in numbers:
if num > 2:
break  # break statement
```

Read more at Python break statement.

### 10. Python continue Statement

```numbers = [1, 2, 3]

for num in numbers:
if num > 2:
continue  # continue statement
print(num)
```

### 11. Python import Statement

```import collections
import calendar as cal
```

### 12. Python global Statement

```name = "Python"

def global_example():
global name  # global statement

print(name)  # prints Python
global_example()
```

### 13. Python nonlocal Statement

```def outer_function():
scope = "local"

def inner_function():
nonlocal scope  # nonlocal statement
scope = "nonlocal"
print(scope)

inner_function()
print(scope)

outer_function()
```

## Python Compound Statements

Python compound statements contain a group of other statements and affect their execution. The compound statement generally spans multiple lines. Let’s briefly look into a few compound statements.

### 1. Python if Statement

```if 5 < 10:
print("This will always print")
else:
print("Unreachable Code")
```

### 2. Python for Statement

```for n in (1, 2, 3):
print(n)
```

### 3. Python while Statement

```count = 5
while count > 0:
print(count)
count -= 1
```

Read more at Python while loop.

### 4. Python try Statement

```try:
print("try")
except ValueError as ve:
print(ve)
```

### 5. Python with Statement

```with open('data.csv') as file:
```

### 6. Python Function Definition Statement

A python function definition is an executable statement. Its execution binds the function name in the current local namespace to a function object. The function is executed only when it’s called.

```def useless():
pass
```

### 7. Python Class Definition Statement

It’s an executable statement. Python class definition defines the class object.

```class Data:
id = 0
```

### 8. Python Coroutines Function Definition Statement

```import asyncio

async def ping(url):
print(f'Ping Started for {url}')
await asyncio.sleep(1)
print(f'Ping Finished for {url}')
```

## Summary

Python statements are used by the Python interpreter to run the code. It’s good to know about the different types of statements in Python.